Tuning the Cello
Cellos are tuned by turning the pegs the strings are wrapped around. Tightening the string raises the pitch; loosening the string lowers the pitch.
Many cellos also have fine tuners mounted on each string near the tailpiece. With these the tension of the string can be
adjusted more gradually by turning the small screw.
Cellos are tuned C-G-D-A, with C being the lowest string.
The easiest way to tune a cello is with an inexpensive digital tuner. Many not only create a note to tune to but also have a display that indicates which direction the string needs to be tuned and when it's tuned correctly.
An alternative method is to use a pitch pipe, piano, or other instrument to create the pitches to tune to.
Experienced players sometimes use a tuning fork. An A-440 tuning fork creates the pitch for the A string. From that reference point a cellist tunes each of the other strings, recognizing the correct intervals between them.